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Recommendations for successfully deploying Aerospike with Docker

Customize aerospike.conf

The default Aerospike image is available at Docker Hub. You can override the default aerospike.conf file at runtime (using --config-file) since this is an exported volume from the Container, the example assumes the configuration file is in the local directory. A feature-key-file is required to run the Enterprise Edition Aerospike container.

$ docker run -v $PWD:/etc/aerospike ...

Consult the Configuration Guide prior to finalizing the aerospike.conf configuration file for a given deployment.

Changing logging

The default logging is set to critical. This is configured in the aerospike.conf file:

$ cat aerospike.conf
...
logging {

# Log file must be an absolute path.
file /var/log/aerospike/aerospike.log {
context any critical
}

# Send log messages to stdout
console {
context any critical
}
}
...

Specifying Network Interfaces

Your docker host/container may have multiple Network Interfaces. To prevent any confusion of which interface to use, it is recommended to lock down interface usage within the network stanza of aerospike.conf for service, heartbeat and fabric.

...
network {
service {
address eth0
port 3000
...
}
heartbeat {
address eth0
mode mesh
...
}
fabric {
address eth0
port 3001
}
...

Affinity Rules

note

Affinity Rules no longer apply to Swarm Mode

Docker Swarm has the ability to apply constraints and filters. These are automatically propagated from Docker Compose files if you are using this orchestration mechanism.

Simple rules that you should apply:

  • Prevent Aerospike nodes in the same cluster running on the same Docker Daemon
  • Specifying a specific Hardware configuration

More information about the various options can be found in the Docker Swarm documentation or take a look at the Docker Examples in the the Aerospike documentation.

Prevent Aerospike nodes in the same cluster running on the same Docker Daemon

$ docker run -l com.aerospike.cluster=mycluster -e affinity:com.aerospike.cluster!=mycluster aerospike/aerospike-server

Specifying a specific Hardware configuration

If you want to constrain the Container to be deployed within a specific Hardware profile, this information can be passed when the Container is started. For example, assuming the Docker Daemon is started with a profile of SSD storage, then this can be used as a constraint for the Container:

$ docker -d --label storage=ssd  
$ docker run -e constraint:storage==ssd aerospike/aerospike-server

Data Persistence

There are three main strategies for dealing with persistence, a critical choice for an Container running Aerospike.

Ephemeral Storage

Data is stored within the Container and the data will be lost when the Container is removed. This is a typical option used for Development & Test, but is not recommended for a Production deployment unless its combined with an External Volume (see below).

The default Docker Hub image for Aerospike will write data to /opt/aerospike/data, which is implicitly an Ephemeral volume.

Block Storage

Docker run offers the ability to expose hosts block devices to a running container. The --device option can be used to map a host block device within a container.

Example mapping /dev/sdc to /dev/xvdc on a running container:

$ docker run -tid --name aerospike -p 3000:3000 -p 3001:3001 -p 3002:3002 -v /aerospike-server-enterprise.docker:/opt/etc/aerospike/ --device '/dev/sdc:/dev/xvdc' -e "FEATURE_KEY_FILE=/opt/etc/aerospike/features.conf" aerospike-server-enterprise:latest

External Volume

Docker can bind mount an external file-system into an exposed mount point in the Container. The default Docker Hub image for Aerospike exports a Volume /opt/aerospike/data. When the container starts, this can be mapped to a host file-system thus:

$ docker run -v $PWD:/opt/aerospike/data aerospike/aerospike-server

The local directory (e.g. $PWD) will be used to store the data written by the Aerospike Server. A typical configuration would be to use the external volume as a Shadow Volume so that any Ephemeral data is also written to the external volume as well. The external volume will survive the destruction of the Container and can be attached to a new Container if required and could be used for backups/restores (e.g. via an AWS EBS Snapshot).